Routing through a tandem switch is an important economic expedient for a telephone company or administration. We could call a tandem switch a traffic concentrator. Up to now we have discussed direct trunk circuits. To employ a direct trunk circuit, there must be sufficient traffic to justify such a circuit. One reference (Ref. 3) suggests a break point of 20 erlangs.6 For a connectivity with traffic intensity under 20 erlangs for the busy hour (BH), the traffic should be routed through a tandem (exchange). For traffic intensities over that value, establish a direct route. Direct route and tandem connectivities are illustrated in Figure 1.6.
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