Protocols Related to TCPIP

The following protocols are used to support TCP/IP :

1. Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP). It controls transmission errors and control messages between host and gateways.

2. Address Resolution Protocol (ARP). The interior gateway (which connects the various LAN's of an organisation) must have the physical address of the host connected to one of its local networks. The gateway must record both the IP address and its physical address. If the gateway does not have the physical address of the host, it will send an ARP packet to get the host's physical address.

4. Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP). It is used for diagnostics purpose between hosts.

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DIY Battery Repair

DIY Battery Repair

You can now recondition your old batteries at home and bring them back to 100 percent of their working condition. This guide will enable you to revive All NiCd batteries regardless of brand and battery volt. It will give you the required information on how to re-energize and revive your NiCd batteries through the RVD process, charging method and charging guidelines.

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