The following protocols are used to support TCP/IP :
1. Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP). It controls transmission errors and control messages between host and gateways.
2. Address Resolution Protocol (ARP). The interior gateway (which connects the various LAN's of an organisation) must have the physical address of the host connected to one of its local networks. The gateway must record both the IP address and its physical address. If the gateway does not have the physical address of the host, it will send an ARP packet to get the host's physical address.
4. Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP). It is used for diagnostics purpose between hosts.
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