Cg (a) Pulse representation

(b) Symbol representation

Fig. 11.1. Binary bits represented as (a) pulse and (b) symbol.

In Fig. 11.1 shown, each three digit binary number that specifies a quantized sample value is called a word. Cg is called guard time between pulses.

Bit rate. In the noisy channel, there is an absolute maximum limit for the bit rate. This limit arises because the difference between two adjacent signal levels become comparable to the noise level when the number of signal level is increased. For noisy channel, data rate is calculated by

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DIY Battery Repair

DIY Battery Repair

You can now recondition your old batteries at home and bring them back to 100 percent of their working condition. This guide will enable you to revive All NiCd batteries regardless of brand and battery volt. It will give you the required information on how to re-energize and revive your NiCd batteries through the RVD process, charging method and charging guidelines.

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