Area Coverage

The most studied coverage problem is the area coverage problem in which the main objective of the sensor network is to cover (monitor) an area (also referred to sometimes as a region). Figure 19.1(a) shows an example of random deployment of sensors to cover a given square-shaped area. The connected black nodes form the set of active sensors as the result of a scheduling mechanism. Next, recent area coverage problem formulations, their models and assumptions, and proposed solutions are surveyed.

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